Choosing the Best Charger for Your Equestrian Electric Fence

When it comes to electric fencing, there is nothing more important to consider than its charger. You have to make sure that you choose the best charger for your electric fence. For this reason, you must consider the following important factors while choosing the best charger for your electric fence.

Type of Power Supply

The first factor crucial in choosing the best electric fence is deciding upon the best power supply option. Commonly fence chargers come with three different kinds of power supplies: Plug-in, battery power, and solar power. (Confused about the AC vs DC thing? Read this article on How Stuff Works)

  • Plug-in chargers (AC)

This kind of power supply offers an unremitting source of alternating current to your electric fence. This is an economical power supply option and provides up to 110V to 220V current according to the need of electric fence.

While employing a plug-in charger, it should be kept in mind that an active source of electricity must be available. If your fence location is such that the electrical outlet is inactive or inaccessible mostly, then plug-in charger might not be a good option for you. Also, if you have an inconsistent electric source then it’s a good idea to invest in generator because as soon as the electricity will go out, the fence will become non-functional.

  • Battery powered chargers (DC)

This kind of power supply offers direct source of current to your electric fence. This power supply is your best option when no electrical channel is available around fence. However, this option is less economical, as battery powered chargers need batteries, which are quite expensive and need replacement over a few years.

  • Solar powered chargers

This kind of power supply also need batteries along with solar panels. Also, these solar powered chargers work only in the areas where sun shines bright. If your barn is located in an area where it heavily snowfalls or sky turns grey during the winter then it might not be a good option for you. In such conditions, your fence charger will depend on the batteries for power.

Resistance of Fencing Type

The second factor you should consider while choosing the best electric fence charger is the resistance of fence. Different fence types have different resistances and this will determine how much power will be needed. If your fence is made of polymers then it will have low resistance and in turn will require less amount of power. For this reason, it will run effectively by a low impedance charger. In case your fence is made of steel then it will have comparatively greater resistance than its polymer counterpart, thus will require more power and a stronger charger.

Total Length of Fence

The Third most crucial factor you must consider is the length of your fence because your fence charger must be strong enough to support the whole length of fence. You can calculate it by measuring the perimeter of the fence and then multiplying this area by the total number of strands used in the fence. After doing this, you can calculate the joule size needed for the charger by dividing the total length of fence by 3. The result will determine the size of joule a charger will need to support the whole fence.

Types of Animals

This factor also determines the suitability of fence charger. The larger animals like cattle and horses need a powerful shock than small animals like goats thus need a stronger fence charger. Moreover, if you are breeding the stock or keeping studhorses in electric fencing then the current in the fence must be even more powerful. For example, the S17 Solar by Gallagher could be a great option for powering a portable show fence, whereas the Speedrite 63000RS might be a better option for powering hundreds of miles of cattle fencing. Just keep the animal and use-case in mind.

Future Plans

While choosing the best charger for your electric fence, it is vital to consider the future plans. In case you are planning to expand your pasture area and fencing then you have to buy a strong charger now. If you choose a weaker charger now, then in the future it won’t support your expanded fence line and you will have to spend more money to buy more powerful charger.

Considering all above factors will not only help you choose the best charger for your electric fence but it will also reward you by low costs and keeping your animals safe. So, it is worth giving some time and attention to your electric fence charger.

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Gains Borough

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